Providers in the US health care system often assess and treat patients with physical health conditions and behavioral health conditions (e.g., mental health and substance use disorders) in siloes, yet physical and behavioral health are inextricably linked. Up to 70% of physician visits are for issues with a behavioral health component.2 A similar proportion of adults with behavioral health conditions have one or more physical health issues.3 Having a chronic condition is a risk factor for having a behavioral health condition and vice versa.4 Depression and anxiety in particular are common in primary care settings but are often inadequately identified and treated, leading to a worsening of behavioral conditions and/or increased difficulty managing physical health conditions. Behavioral health integration (BHI) into primary care addresses both physical and behavioral health needs in primary care settings through systematic coordination and collaboration among health care providers.
Intervention of interest: Programs to integrate behavioral health into the primary care setting
Date of review: April 2015
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Below you will find the final documents from the assessment review process: